Just like elsewhere in the western world, In the UK as well the government has prescribed some safety regulations that have to be adhered to by any workplace. Protection against health and safety hazards may even extend to the families of people employed in hazardous occupations. In the European Union, member countries have enforced authorities to ensure that the legal basics related to occupational health and safety hazards is followed in any case.
Hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled. A risk is the probability of the outcome which will occur if harm occurs. The outcome can be defined as the result of an uncontrolled hazard. Risk analysis is conducted to identify hazards, evaluate the risk, and identify and prioritize the required actions.
Workplace safety hazards are normally grouped into environmental hazards, environmental agents, physical agents, physical hazards, chemical agents, and biological hazards. Environmental hazards normally include asphyxiation and dehydration. Environmental agents include heat and cold stress. Physical hazards include collision, tripping, falling, and electricity. Physical agents include noise, vibration, and lighting.
Other hazards are mechanical hazards, biological hazards, and chemical agents. Depending on the type of work that is done in a factory, safety precautions have to be employed. Office workers can be affected by a flu spread by a co-worker, and a factory worker can receive serious injury because of an accident. Common health and safety hazards can be avoided by taking necessary precautions. But, even with all necessary precautions accidents do occur. Continue reading “Common Health and Safety Hazards in Factories”
We are living in a world of contrasts. Scientific and technological progress has brought advanced health care system; many diseases today that were fatal in the past, if not eradicated, are brought under control. As a contrast, people living in developed countries are suffering from cardiovascular diseases and cancer associated with inappropriate diet and stressful life.
Industrial revolution brought social and technological development, but also introduced pollution on large-scale. With modern industry things have just got worse. When the extent of industry was limited, contamination area was reduced to immediate vicinity affecting health and safety of those workers directly involved in production. In a modern global society we live in today this problem has become, well, “global”. The toxic that is most common in our environment is lead; it is used in vaccines, pesticides, antiperspirants, building materials, gas and even found in drinking water. If we think about global population growth and its growing needs and industry relying on components that are toxic, we can assume that industrial development has a devastating impact on environment and public health.
In the past, diseases were attributed to meteorological events such as changes in the seasons, storms and eclipses. Some societies linked disease to corrupt or polluted air from corpses, swamps and other sources. In prehistoric times people believed that evil spirits or God caused people to become ill. By the 16th and 17th centuries connection between health and environment had become commonly recognized. Fresh air and elimination of bad smells were considered important, and a healthy environment was thought to produce healthy food and drink. Earth was respected as a living, breathing body that needed to be nurtured and protected. Continue reading “Relationship Between Health and Environment”